This is a transplantation of the patient's own cartilaginous tissue into the affected intervertebral disc. The fence of necessary cells, as a rule, is made during operation on the intervertebral discs, and then the cellular material is multiplied in the laboratory and transplanted into the intervertebral disc.
Indications for transplantation are degenerative changes of the intervertebral disc, which in itself is not able to recover and compensate for damaged tissue. As the destructive process progresses, the affected intervertebral discs continue to lose height, ceasing to properly cope with their role as a shock absorber. As a result, irritation of the nerve roots arises and then increases, eventually undergoing severe compression (compression), which is subsequently manifested by the corresponding symptoms (for example, pain and numbness).
Cell transplantation can also be used to treat any diseases of the intervertebral discs in various parts of the spine (cervical, thoracic, lumbosacral): destruction of the intervertebral disc; damage to the intervertebral disc, complaints after surgery; prolapse of the intervertebral disc; protrusion of the intervertebral disc; destruction of the cartilaginous tissue of the intervertebral disc.